Millions of men and women around the world are suffering from hair loss. This is due to many factors such as hereditary, hormones, psychological or other health factors. The most common cause of partial hair loss and baldness is androgenic alopecia or male pattern baldness. Non surgical medications are recommended in the early stages of baldness, but if they are not effecting than surgical treatments are the last left options. Hair transplant is the process of restoring natural hairline with help of surgery and to prevent further hair fall. This method used to remove hair follicles (consisting of one to four strands of hair) from bald resistant parts of scalp and insert them to bald and hairless areas.
History of hair transplant dated back to early 1930s in Japan where surgeons used to transplant eyebrows and eyelashes of burnt and affected patients. This treatment could not get further recognition due to world war two. After two decades, a New York dermatologist Norman Orentreich successfully performed hair transplant on one of his patient. These early transplant gives very artificial and unnatural results. Medical experts spent two more decades on further advancement in transplant treatment. In 1980s, small strip is introduced and being used by surgeons. FUT method was much popular in 1990s. FUE treatments are introduced in early 2000s and experts are still working on it.Two transplantation methods are available to perform hair transplant surgeries. Both of these methods have different pros and cons. Follicular unit transplantation is the traditional method of transplant and it is also known as strip surgery. In this method, a strip is used to remove hair follicles from the donor area of the scalp. Hair follicles are separated from each other and surrounding tissue under a binocular microscope by an expert member of surgeon’s team. Recipient’s sites are created in recipient or hairless area of the scalp. Separated follicles are transplanted into these recipient sites. Stitches, stainless staples and structures are used to close the wounds of donor area. Recovery time is not more than a few days depending upon the health of patientFollicular unit extraction is the latest and newly emerge procedure of hair transplant. In this treatment, hair follicles are harvested by surgeon individually. Tiny round punch less than one millimeter is used to extract follicles by making small incisions on the scalp. Harvested hair follicles are later transplanted into recipient area through same process followed in follicular unit transplant. This method is gaining popularity because it does not leave any linear scar on the skin. Hundred of tiny white wounds remain on skin after the surgery, but they are not visible.As compared to other treatments of baldness, hair transplant is the most expensive treatment of hair restoration. Average cost required for transplant ranges from seven thousand dollars to thirty thousand dollar. FUT is conventional, but cheap hair transplant method. FUE costs as twice as FUT surgery. Despite heavy costs, there is no guarantee that hairs will grow through inserted grafts. Hair transplant is not covered under health insurance like other transplant surgeries.